On this day, students, intellectuals, and workers pour into the streets of Budapest, Hungary, demanding an end to Soviet domination and communist rule. On November 4, thousands of Soviet tanks rolled in to crush what had become a nationwide revolt. Outraged citizens fought back with little more than their bare hands, but they were hopelessly outmatched. As many as 25,000 Hungarians were killed and many more were wounded or imprisoned. Some 200,000 fled. The reformist premier Imre Nagy was deposed and the Soviets installed a new, pro-Moscow government led by János Kádár.
Hungarian Revolution begins