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1901

Queen Victoria Dies

Queen Victoria dies on 22 January 1901, ending an era in which most of her British subjects knew no other monarch. Spanning more than a half-century, her reign, the longest in British history, saw the growth of an empire on which the sun never set. As an 18-year-old woman ascending to the throne, her future husband described her as one whose extreme obstinacy was constantly at war with her good... Read more >

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1840

British colonists reach New Zealand

Under the leadership of British statesman Edward G. Wakefield, the first British colonists to New Zealand arrive at Port Nicholson on Auckland Island. In 1642, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman became the first European to discover the South Pacific island group that later became known as New Zealand. While attempting to land, several of Tasman’s crew were killed by warriors from the native Maori p... Read more >

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1980

Sakharov arrested in Moscow

In Moscow, Andrei Dmitriyevich Sakharov, the Soviet physicist who helped build the USSR's first hydrogen bomb, is arrested after criticizing the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan. Sakharov's concept of the "Layer Cake" bomb showed some promising results, but in late 1952 the Americans successfully detonated the world's first "super bomb." The Soviet team rushed to catch up, and settle... Read more >