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Italy declares war on Nazi Germany

One month after the surrender of the Italian army, Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio declares war on Germany, Italy’s former Axis partner. Much of Italian territory, however, was still in German hands, and a puppet state led by deposed Italian leader Benito Mussolini was established in the north. Nevertheless, most Italians opposed Mussolini’s new government, and the Allies received invaluable... Read more >

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First Paddington Bear Book is Published

How Come He Wears a Hat And Yet No trousers?

On this day in 1958, a cute Peruvian bear wandered into bookstores and children’s literary history. A Bear Called Paddington, the first of the inimitable hat-wearing ursine’s adventures, was inspired by author Michael Bond spotting a lone teddy bear on the shelf of a toy store at Paddington Station which he purchased for h... Read more >

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Sir Isaac Brock saves Canada

During the War of 1812, British and Indian forces under Sir Isaac Brock defeat Americans under General Stephen Van Rensselaer at the Battle of Queenstown Heights, on the Niagara frontier in Ontario, Canada. The British victory, in which more than 1,000 U.S. troops were killed, wounded, or captured, effectively ended any further U.S. invasion of Canada. Sir Isaac Brock, Britain’s most talented... Read more >

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Chilean miners are rescued after 69 days underground

On this day in 2010, the last of 33 miners trapped nearly half a mile underground for more than two months at a caved-in mine in northern Chile, are rescued. The miners survived longer than anyone else trapped underground in recorded history. The miners’ ordeal began on August 5, 2010, when the San Jose gold and copper mine where they were working, some 500 miles north of the Chilean capital ... Read more >