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Battle of Stalingrad Ends

On this day in 1943, the last German troops in Stalingrad surrender to the Red Army, ending one of the pivotal battles of World War II. In August 1942, the German Sixth Army made advances across the Volga River while Nazi air divisions pounded the Russian city of Stalingrad to rubble. German General Friedrich von Paulus estimated that it would take 10 days to capture the city. However, his Sixt... Read more >

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James Joyce is born

Novelist James Joyce is born this day in Dublin, Ireland, the eldest of 10 children. Joyce struggled with serious eye problems, undergoing 25 operations for various troubles between 1917 and 1930. In 1818, the American journal 'Little Review' began to serialize 'Ulysses', Joyce's revolutionary stream-of-consciousness novel. However, the U.S. Post Office stopped the publication's distribution in... Read more >

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Idi Amin takes power in Uganda

One week after toppling the regime of Ugandan leader Milton Obote, Major General Idi Amin declares himself president of Uganda and chief of the armed forces. Amin, head of the Ugandan army and air force since 1966, seized power while Obote was out of the country. Ruling directly, Amin soon revealed himself as an extreme nationalist and tyrant. In 1972, he launched a genocidal program to purge U... Read more >