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1980

Détente ends between U.S. and Soviet Union

In a very strong reaction to the December 1979 Soviet military intervention into Afghanistan, President Jimmy Carter requests that the Senate postpone action on the SALT-II nuclear weapons treaty and recalls the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union. These actions indicated that the U.S.-Soviet relationship had been severely damaged by the Russian action in Afghanistan and that the age of déten... Read more >

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1492

Reconquest of Spain

The kingdom of Granada falls to the Christian forces of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella--as a result, the Moors lose their last foothold in Spain. In the 13th century, the Christian Reconquest forced Spanish Muslims to flee south, and Granada was established as the last Moorish refuge.

The kingdom flourished for the next 200 years, but in the late 15th century internal feuds and a str... Read more >

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1905

Russian fleet surrenders at Port Arthur

During the Russo-Japanese War, Port Arthur, the Russian naval base in China, falls to Japanese naval forces under Admiral Heihachiro Togo. It was the first in a series of defeats that by June turned the tide of the imperial conflict irrevocably against Russia. In February 1904, following a Russian rejection of a Japanese plan to divide Manchuria and Korea into spheres of influence, Japan launch... Read more >

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1939

Hitler named Time Magazine's "Man of the Year"

On this day in 1938 Adolf Hitler was awarded “Man of the Year” by Time Magazine in its annual issue. Time’s selection of “Man of the Year,” which has since been renamed to “Person of the Year,” dates back to 1927 with Charles Lindbergh being the first person to receive the title. Though giving Hitler the award had been seen as a controversial choice, Time has since given the recog... Read more >