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1512

Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel is exhibited for the first time

The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, one of Italian artist Michelangelo's finest works, is exhibited to the public for the first time. Michelangelo Buonarroti, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, was born in the small village of Caprese in 1475. The son of a government administrator, he grew up in Florence, a centre of the early Renaissance movement, and became an artist's ap... Read more >

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1952

U.S. detonates hydrogen bomb

On a remote atoll in the Pacific Ocean, the United States successfully detonates Mike, the world's first hydrogen bomb. The 10.4-megaton thermonuclear device, built upon the Teller-Ulam principles of staged radiation implosion, instantly vaporized an entire island and left behind a crater more than a mile wide. The incredible explosive force of Mike was also apparent from the magnitude of its m... Read more >

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1993

European Union established

The Maastricht Treaty comes into effect, formally establishing the European Union (EU). The treaty was drafted in 1991 by delegates from the European Community meeting at Maastricht in the Netherlands and signed in 1992. The agreement called for a strengthened European parliament, the creation of a central European bank, and common foreign and security policies. The treaty also laid the groundw... Read more >